From 1992 to 1996 the city of Sarajevo endured one the most horrific human tragedies in recent history. For 1425 days it was surrounded, today this siege is known as the longest one in modern warfare.
Placed in a valley, which proved to be devastating for its defense, Sarajevo was continuously terrorized from the hills and mountains surrounding it. A UN report concluded that on average 330 bombs were falling every day and not only on military targets but also on civilian homes, hospitals, libraries, religious and cultural monuments.
All the while people continued to live in the city in which most of them didn’t have running water so they had to travel certain distance every day in order to reach a water source and hiding from mortars and bullets bring the water safely home. Most of the time during the siege there was no electricity and no gas but finding food was the most difficult task facing the besieged citizens.
It is the story of Sarajevans, the people who continued to live in a city where death was lurking on every corner that best describes the spirit and desire for life. It doesn’t seem likely that this period could be connected with something which seems so abstract and inessential as creativity but that is exactly what people of Sarajevo had in abundance.
Above all else ingenuity was evident in the mere fact that people managed to live in these conditions thus creating some remarkable feats of engineering such as 800 meters long tunnel which became a lifeline for blocked and isolated city. But some everyday items were also fascinating such as improvised oil lamps, handmade stoves and power generators made from car engines.
During the siege there were more than 50 original theater plays performed in Sarajevo and at least 100 art exhibitions. Sarajevo film festival, now one of the most successful festivals in the Balkans, was founded in 1995, during the siege, when it wasn’t likely that it would have any future.
The Fall of Yugoslavia tour will take you through the streets of once besieged city while our guides explain the significance they had during the war, some of them were constant target for snipers while others served as frontlines. Bombs and artillery have decimated the city but donations and foreign aid have enabled it to be rebuilt even though war damage is still visible on some facades and few buildings are still completely destroyed.
Our guides will also show you Sarajevo cemeteries, older ones which still overlook the city, and more recent ones, many of which have been built during the siege. Many cemeteries inside the city are “mixed” which means that Muslims, Jews, Catholic and Orthodox Christians and atheists are all buried next to each other which shows that even in death people of Sarajevo are together, once again living up to reputation of Sarajevo being little Jerusalem.
The Fall of Yugoslavia tour ends on mountain Trebevic, a favorite destination for Sarajevans since it is the mountain closest to the city but also because a cable car was connecting it with the old town.
In 1984 The Winter Olympic Games took place in Sarajevo and Trebevic was one of the Olympic Mountains since the luge track was built there specifically for this occasion. The same place was one of the strongholds of the aggressors who used the vantage points, which once upon a time attracted both locals and foreigners to admire the city, as launching ground for their heavy artillery. Hotels, space observatory, even the cable car were all destroyed during the war and the luge track, although not completely destroyed, was damaged and is not being used any more.
Today Sarajevo is the urban center of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a dynamic and modern city and to an unsuspecting eye the cracks and patches in facades, the red colored holes in the asphalt and inscriptions written in a language unknown to many doesn’t seem worthy of a second glance but each crack has a story to tell and with our guides you can discover their meaning and significance and hopefully get to understand the city a bit better.
Meet Bosnia is Travel agent located in Sarajevo, specialized in tours in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Balkan region. Years of experience is behind us and lots of satisfied customers, what is reason to continue in doing thing we love.
Design and development: Sejdalija Agić
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