In the first centuries AD, Bosnia was part of the Roman Empire. After the fall of the empire, Bosnia claimed the Byzantines and the Western heirs of Rome. Slavs settled in the 7th century, and Serbia and Croatia were ruled over parts of Bosnia in the 9th century. With the exception of today's eastern Herzegovina and the 10th most Humina and 11 The Government of Bosnia-century Croatian kingdom. During the 11th and 12 century, government took over the kingdom of Hungary. The medieval Bosnian political unit (the first duchies, and then the kingdom) gained independence around 1200. year. In the 14th and 15 century the population is difficult to determine, but it is supposed to have been between 500,000 and one million. The specificity of the medieval history of Bosnia and Hum was the Bosnian Church, which belonged to the not inconsiderable proportion of the population (it is impossible to determine how much). Historians believe that the majority of the population in this period were Catholic, the Orthodox part of the east area. All the Bosnian rulers were Catholics (Dinasty), while in some influential feudal lords, as Hrvoje Vukčić and Stephen Duke Vukčić were Christians, or members of the Bosnian Church. Bosnia remained independent until 1463. , when she, at least its major part, the Turks. 25th October 1478 the last Bosnian queen Katarina Kotromanic-Duke died in Rome. During Ottoman rule, many Bosnians (the inhabitants of Bosnia), converted to Islam. The causes of this process are multiple, but did not significantly differ from the Islamization of neighboring countries, the Croatian and Bulgarian. The Turks ruled over Bosnia to 1878. year, when he became a protectorate of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. However, Slavic movements in neighboring countries have been working on the unification of South Slavs. The First World War began when the Austro-Hungarian throne assassinated in Sarajevo. After the collapse of Austria-Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina has entered into Yugoslavia, and in the second World War II came under ISC. After the war he founded the socialist Yugoslavia, in which Bosnia and Herzegovina has become one of the republics. Bosnia declared its sovereignty in October 1991. year, and then followed a referendum to separate from Yugoslavia (February 1992).. In a referendum the majority of the population opted for an independent Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnian Serbs did not vote on the referendum and supported by neighboring Serbia launched a war in Bosnia and Herzegovina of the 1990s to divide the ethnic principle. Soon the war broke out between the three nations. In March, 1994. The Bosnians and Croats signed an agreement establishing the Bosniak-Croatian Federation and the Confederation of the Croatian Republic. In the American city of Dayton on 21 November 1995. All the warring parties signed a peace accord, which ended a three-year war (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995.). The Dayton agreement divided Bosnia into two parts - the Federation and the Serbian Republic.
Posted: February 19, 2017
Geographical Data Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in southeastern Europe, in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula. In the north, west and southwest borders with the Republic of Croatian, and in the east and south, Serbia and Montenegro. John saddle Saddle (959 m) between the mountains and Bitovnja Bjelasnica connects two large whole country, inhabited forests and arable land in northern Bosnia richer and smaller, rocky Herzegovina in the south. Extremely natural border between Bosnia and Herzegovina makes mountain range crow - Raduša - Vranica - Bitovnja - Bjelasnica - Treskavica - Diplomat - Maglic. Herzegovina engages about 20% of the area and it has only 10% of the population of the state. Near the mouth of the Neretva River, in front of Mali Ston channel, Bosnia and Herzegovina has a small outlet to the sea, (21.2 km long coastline at Neum). Bosnia and Herzegovina is among former Yugoslav republics, the third area and population (behind the Serbian and Croatian), and high density (behind Serbia and Slovenia). Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of four large geographic entities. Central Bosnia (12 920 km2, 1.249 million people) intervention mountainous area, it is the most developed part of the country where the ancient times are the focus of the territorial assembly of neighboring Pannonian, Karst, and sub-Mediterranean regions. From the late nineteenth century distribution of population has changed and today the majority of the population lives in Bosnia Peripanonskoj (21 622 km2, 2.253 million people), which is the most valuable part of the agricultural state, but overpopulated agrarian region. Bosnian high debris (11 842 km2 and 325 000 inhabitants) encompasses the mountainous karst area of western Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is the most populated and poorest part of the country - only 9% of the area is arable, and in the cities live less than 30% of the population. Mediterranean region, the so-called. Low Herzegovina (5399 km2 and 296 000 inhabitants) is the smallest geographical entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina and to the middle coastal area of Zagorje. Relief of Bosnia and Herzegovina is mostly hilly and mountainous, and only 8% of the country lies below 150 meters above sea level. Most of Bosnia and Herzegovina belongs to the Black Sea hydrographic basin, basin or river basin. Sava receives its largest tributary, just from Bosnia (214 km Una, Vrbas, 240 km, 271 km, Bosnia, Drina 346 km). Smaller, draining the area of Herzegovina to the Adriatic Sea and is the largest river Neretva (218 km), which is the largest tributary of the Adriatic Sea from the territory of former Yugoslavia (SFRY). In Herzegovina is the largest gulf in the former Yugoslavia, River and that most of the water obtained from regions that are among the richest rainfall regions of Europe. Bosnia and Herzegovina has no major natural lakes, most notably Pliva Lakes near Jajce and Blidinje and Veteran lake. Greater significance are artificial reservoirs, in order to exploit hydroenergetic (Districts, and Perućaćko Bileća Lake), and for the supply of industrial water (lake,). Former Busko mud at the foot of Dinara construction of dams turned out periodic karst ujezerenja in a large artificial reservoir of water. Zapadnobosanska and Herzegovina karst fields are periodically flooded areas, and some are now dried up or turned into artificial reservoirs, which serve the exploitation of hydropower and irrigation of arable land. The specificity seems Hutovo mud at the bottom of the Neretva, swamp area that is covered by high water from 1 to 1.5 meters deep water. It is rich in fish and rare birds, winter is long retained flocks of wild ducks and geese, and owns and ornithological station.
Posted: February 19, 2017
With regard to specific geographical location and relief, the climate of Bosnia and Herzegovina is complex and can distinguish three separate parts, with more or less distinct border areas, namely: First In the southwest - a Mediterranean or maritime climate, Second In the middle part - continental-mountain, or alpine, Third In the north - moderate continental, or middle European climate. In the southwestern parts of the country, because of its proximity to the Adriatic Sea in the winter means the accumulated heat in the summer, the January mean temperatures are high (3 to 5 degrees Fahrenheit), while summers are dry and hot (the absolute maximum temperature of 40 to 45 degrees ° C). The average annual amount of rainfall ranges between 1000 and 2300 l/m2, and mean annual temperature of 12-15 ° C. Snow is rare in this region, although not impossible occurrence. In the central part of Bosnia and Herzegovina government continental mountain air, alpine type. The main characteristic of this climate is harsh winters (absolute minimum temperature of -24 to -34 ° C), while summers are hot (the absolute maximum temperature of 30-36 ° C). Average annual precipitation is 1000-1200 l/m2. Snowfalls are abundant, especially at higher elevations. The northern government moderate continental climate with plenty of cold winters and hot summers but in relation to the Alpine area, smaller ranges between winter and summer temperatures. The hottest areas are the Northeast, while the mean temperature decreases toward the southwest, following the river valleys of the central belt. Annual rainfall ranges 700-1100 l/m2. Snowfall are also present, but less than in the middle. Note that, depending on altitude, between the aforementioned bands have a basic and transitional climate zones. So, going from south to north with increasing altitude appears transitional area, and Mediterranean-type air mountain. Further north we find a moderate continental climate predplaninskog type.
Posted: February 19, 2017
By the time modern art, Bosnia and Herzegovina has usually stayed out of European artistic trends. Yet creative forms have a long and fascinating since the Neolithic period. Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina are not only romantic and filled with Renaissance paintings, but also the objects of use in everyday life. Modern art has had a decisive influence in the cultural revolution that took place in the second half of the twentieth century. Culture for many centuries that led to this revolution, it can be seen today as a living museum of the architecture, traditional clothing and footwear, stone masonry, pottery, jewelry and religious objects. Culture of Bosnia and Herzegovina not only found exposed on the walls of the museum, but you can see in the form of intricate arabesques of mosques, beautiful carvings in wood traditional furniture and fascinating link to the clothing of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian highlanders. This mixture of old and new forms of creative is what separates Bosnia and Herzegovina from other European neighbors. Today's cultural scene is booming in the safe. Sarajevo has hosted a significant number of prestigious festivals such as South East Europe, Sarajevo Film Festival, Jazz Festival, MESS, etc. The modern literature, music and visual arts are involved in creative reconstruction
Posted: February 19, 2017
All citizens of EU countries in 90 days can enter the country without visas. Americans and Canadians do not need a visa too. For citizens of most countries need only a valid passport. Residents of neighboring countries, Croatian, Serbian and Montenegrin sufficient and self / identity card. Entry viza requiments Nationals of countries who need visas, should be reported to the consular representative offices of Bosnia and Herzegovina in their own countries or countries in charge of the State. To obtain a visa form fill and, depending on the type and purpose of the trip representing the pozivno letter (private or official) or a certified letter from Chamber of Commerce of Bosnia and Herzegovina for official visits. There is no obligation to report within 24 hours of arrival in the country.
Posted: February 19, 2017
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