In the first centuries AD, Bosnia was part of the Roman Empire. After the fall of the empire, Bosnia claimed the Byzantines and the Western heirs of Rome. Slavs settled in the 7th century, and Serbia and Croatia were ruled over parts of Bosnia in the 9th century. With the exception of today’s eastern Herzegovina and the 10th most Humina and 11 The Government of Bosnia-century Croatian kingdom.
During the 11th and 12 century, government took over the kingdom of Hungary. The medieval Bosnian political unit (the first duchies, and then the kingdom) gained independence around 1200. year. In the 14th and 15 century the population is difficult to determine, but it is supposed to have been between 500,000 and one million. The specificity of the medieval history of Bosnia and Hum was the Bosnian Church, which belonged to the not inconsiderable proportion of the population (it is impossible to determine how much).
Historians believe that the majority of the population in this period were Catholic, the Orthodox part of the east area. All the Bosnian rulers were Catholics (Dinasty), while in some influential feudal lords, as Hrvoje Vukčić and Stephen Duke Vukčić were Christians, or members of the Bosnian Church. Bosnia remained independent until 1463. , when she, at least its major part, the Turks. 25th October 1478 the last Bosnian queen Katarina Kotromanic-Duke died in Rome.
During Ottoman rule, many Bosnians (the inhabitants of Bosnia), converted to Islam. The causes of this process are multiple, but did not significantly differ from the Islamization of neighboring countries, the Croatian and Bulgarian. The Turks ruled over Bosnia to 1878. year, when he became a protectorate of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. However, Slavic movements in neighboring countries have been working on the unification of South Slavs. The First World War began when the Austro-Hungarian throne assassinated in Sarajevo. After the collapse of Austria-Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina has entered into Yugoslavia, and in the second World War II came under ISC. After the war he founded the socialist Yugoslavia, in which Bosnia and Herzegovina has become one of the republics.
Bosnia declared its sovereignty in October 1991. year, and then followed a referendum to separate from Yugoslavia (February 1992).. In a referendum the majority of the population opted for an independent Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnian Serbs did not vote on the referendum and supported by neighboring Serbia launched a war in Bosnia and Herzegovina of the 1990s to divide the ethnic principle. Soon the war broke out between the three nations. In March, 1994. The Bosnians and Croats signed an agreement establishing the Bosniak-Croatian Federation and the Confederation of the Croatian Republic. In the American city of Dayton on 21 November 1995. All the warring parties signed a peace accord, which ended a three-year war (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995.). The Dayton agreement divided Bosnia into two parts – the Federation and the Serbian Republic.